Tuesday, November 08, 2005

Sensus Internet Browser

This is another experiment in pileup query.
I used only the simple search to collect the initial information and the pileups.

Original Query was: Sensus Internet Browser

I slightly edited the results and erased duplicates.

Conclusions: Pileups were negligible.

To many visually impaired, the Internet is a double-edged sword: On the one side, the Internet provides access to a host of information that would otherwise remain inaccessible. On the other side, the Internet can be difficult to use — especially due to the visual nature of the Internet and the increasing use of the interactive capabilities of the Web. The purpose of Sensus Internet Browser has been to address these issues. As such, Sensus Internet Browser version 1 makes it easier for visually impaired users to take advantage of the Internet.
The tools include built-in synthetic speech, navigation using the keyboard and dynamic translation of documents. As a result, the blind computer user may explore the Internet independently without the need for screen readers and expensive, hardware based speech synthesizers. Sensus Internet Browser The Sensus Internet Browser talks to the user through its built-in speech synthesizer.
Navigation is facilitated through the arrow keys and other fixed shortcuts. Internet documents are analyzed before they are presented to the user. The Sensus Internet Browser dynamically reads through documents and identifies all interactive links, images and other visual elements that may cause problems unless they can be seen.
Similarly, images are identified by the word image. Hardware and software The Sensus Internet Browser requires the following minimum configuration in order to run: Pentium 100MHz CPU. 16mb RAM. 30mb free disk space. Sound card supported by Microsoft Windows95.
Furthermore, the Sensus Internet Browser requires the following software to be installed on the computer: Microsoft Windows95/98. Microsoft Internet Explorer version 4.0.
The Sensus Internet Browser contains two key transformation components: The TWEB Navigation Engine and the TWEB Language Analyser. The TWEB Navigation Engine provides intelligent transformations of HTML documents, enabling the blind or partially sighted user to orientate and navigate, identify, understand and select interactive objects on the user interface, and explore information contained in an HTML document.
The TWEB Language Analyser is required, partly because all current speech synthesisers and Braille translation systems are sensitive to the particular language in question, partly because the emerging HTML standard does not include language identification tags. Translating Information The Sensus Internet Browser has been designed to support three means of information presentation: Synthetic speech, contracted Braille and enlarged print. Enlarged print is managed directly by the browser itself, and may be presented on either the monitor or on paper using a compatible printer. Synthetic speech is supported through the Microsoft Speech API, and contracted Braille through an API to the Sensus Braille translation system.
To facilitate access to larger pieces of information, the visually disabled user may want to read the information in contracted Braille. The Sensus Internet Browser includes features to automatically translate HTML documents into contracted Braille in a number of languages using the Sensus Braille translation system. Sensus Braille is a multi-lingual, two-way Braille translation system, capable of producing contracted 6- and 8-dot Braille in a number of languages. Sensus Braille furthermore includes features to de-contract Braille, to increase or decrease the contraction ratio, and to hyphenate contracted Braille documents.
The resulting Braille document may be presented on a Braille display or printed on a Braille printer. Communicating with the Internet The Sensus Internet Browser connects to the Internet through a standard protocol stack including HTTP and the Microsoft WinSock API. Consequently, users may connect to the Internet through TCP/IP on a local area network or via a dial-up line and a modem through PPP or SLIP on a wide area network. In addition to the communication hardware and software, the user will need to have an account with an Internet provider in order to gain access to the net. Hardware and Software Requirements The Sensus Internet Browser has been designed to run on standard hardware and software with minimum requirements to specialised enabling technology. Consequently, the Sensus Internet Browser will run on a PC with the following minimum configuration: IBM compatible PC with an 66MHz 486 processor 16mb of RAM Standard audio card with speakers or headset. Microsoft SAPI compliant text-to-speech engine Microsoft Windows95 Access to the Internet will require connection to an Internet provider throuh a local area network or dial-up line via a modem. To take advantage of the Braille translation features, the Sensus Internet Browser may furthermore be used in combination with the following optional components: Sensus Braille translation system A Braille printer A Braille display A Braille workstation, e.g., the Tactilog log-text Availability The Sensus Internet Browser entered into international beta testing by the end of april 1997, and is due to be released as a finalised product in the first half of 1998. © 2003 Sensus ApS.
Sensus Internet Browser Sensus, an accessibility consultancy firm in Denmark developed the Sensus Internet Browser specifically for blind and visually impaired users. The Sensus Internet Browser is similar to HomePage Reader, it provides speech output for web pages and it works with Internet Explorer. Internet Explorer is used to provide the visual rendering of the page. The advantage of the Sensus Internet Browser is that it is multilingual and can also work alongside Braille displays and screen magnifiers. Like the majority of talking browsers the Sensus browser is operated via the keyboard.
Navigation can be controlled using the arrow keys on the keyboard as well as other keyboard shortcuts. The Sensus Internet Browser contains the following accessibility features: Is able to provide speech output in a number of different languages. Can work with other assistive technology such as screen readers and Braille displays.
More information about the Sensus Internet Browser can be found on the Sensus website.
Partially sighted users may use the fonts, font sizes and colour schemes which best accommodate their individual needs. Expected release of the first version of Sensus Internet Browser is August, 1997.

1 comment:

lana said...

Very informative.It is a fact that this school brings literacy to many people.A braille translation enable a blind person to obtain, store, retrieve and communicate information.Especially in the ever faster moving world of globalized business, successful information and technology transfer within multinational businesses can make the difference between win or lose.