Saturday, December 31, 2005

Bypassing site’s visual design

Richard MacManus & Joshua Porter published on May 4, 2005 an article titled "Web 2.0 for Designers" in which they claim that

The Web of documents has morphed into a Web of data. We are no longer just looking to the same old sources for information. Now we’re looking to a new set of tools to aggregate and remix microcontent in new and useful ways… These tools, the interfaces of Web 2.0, will become the frontier of design innovation… Because content flows across the Web in RSS feeds and can be remixed along the way, Web designers must now think beyond sites and figure out how to brand the content itself.


Wikipedia is considered to be a classic Web 2.0 tool because it is a peer production, because it has an open code and because it is open for every user to edit. It shatters the unique honored status of the encyclopedian and gives each one of us the opportunity to say: hey! I wrote an entry!
But there is one crucial aspect in which Wikipedia is old fashioned Web 1.0 and that's the macro-content structure of the articles. Each article has a beginning and an end, premises and conclusions, an old-encyclopedia style flow. Mini-QTpedia
is going to change all that. It will take relevant excerpts from few articles and put them on the same page. In case a keyword is shared by many articles it will bring all the contexts in which it appears. The user will have no clue how the design of these excerpts looked on Wikipedia, were there pictures? Were there headings? Were there suggestions for further research?
even the name of the Wikipedian will disappear and in order to find out all these elements the user will have to use the link that heralds each QTpedia excerpt.

For example I downloaded QT/search results for Wikipedia titles about cats that start with the letters D-F.

Results for Domestic longhaired cat
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Domestic_longhaired_cat - Domestic longhaired cat
o A domestic longhaired cat is the proper name for any cat with medium or long fur, if it is not a pedigreed member of a recognised breed.They make excellent family pets for people who are prepared to give their coat the extra care it needs.
Results for Domestic shorthaired cat

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Domestic_shorthaired_cat - Domestic shorthaired cat
o A Domestic shorthaired cat is the proper name for a shorthaired cat that does not have a pedigree or belong to a recognised cat breed.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nebelung - Nebelung
o The breed was created in the early 1980s by Cora Cobb, with the two foundation cats being Elsa, a black domestic shorthaired cat, and an unnamed blue domestic shorthair.The first mating of these two cats produced five black or blue shorthaired kittens as well as Siegfried (born 1984) who was blue with medium long hair. The second mating produced five black or blue shorthaired kittens, as well as a black longhair female and Brunhilde (born 1985), a blue longhaired female.

Search results for Eurasian Lynx
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eurasian_Lynx Eurasian Lynx
o The Eurasian Lynx (Lynx lynx) is a medium-sized cat of European and Siberian forests, where it is one of the major predators.It has yellow fur with black markings; the pattern of the fur is variable: lynxes with heavily spotted fur may exist close to conspecifics with plain fur.
o Status of the Eurasian Lynx in various countries and regions:
5. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Europe Europe
o Other important European carnivores are Eurasian lynx, European wild cat, foxes (especially the red fox), jackal and different species of martens, hedgehogs, different species of snakes (vipers, grass snake...), different birds (owls, hawks and other birds of prey)
6. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lynx Lynx
o Lynx or Eurasian Lynx, Lynx lynx or Lynx borealis
7. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slovenia Slovenia
o Hunting these animals is a long tradition and is well described in the book The Glory of the Duchy of Carniola (Slava Vojvodine Kranjske) (1689), written by Janez Vajkard Valvasor (1641-1693). Some important carnivores include the Eurasian lynx (reintroduced to Kočevje area in 1973), European wild cat, fox (especially the red fox), and jackal.There are also hedgehogs, and different species of marten, snakes (viper, grass snake, etc.). As of March 2005, Slovenia also has a small population of wolves and about 400 brown bears.
8. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iberian_Lynx Iberian Lynx
o The Spanish Lynx (Lynx pardinus, sometimes Felis pardina) or Iberian Lynx is sometimes classified as a subspecies of the Eurasian Lynx, but most authorities regard it as a separate species.While the Eurasian Lynx bears rather pallid markings, the Spanish Lynx has distinctive, leopard-like spots.It is furthermore smaller than its northern relative and hence hardly able to hunt animals larger than hares, and rabbits are its main prey. However, when hungry, the Spanish Lynx may attack young deer or mouflons.

Search results for Exotic cat
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Exotic_cat Exotic cat
o Image:Cream tabby exotic cat.jpg Cream tabby male exotic cat

Search results for Felidae
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Felidae Felidae
o All cats are members of the family Felidae.A genetic anomaly that prevents them from tasting sweetness [1]may be responsible for felines being the most strictly carnivorous of the nine families in the order Carnivora. The cats' closest relatives are thought to be the other families in their branch of the carnivore evolutionary tree: the civets, hyenas, and mongooses.
2. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Felidae_%28novel%29 Felidae (novel)
o Felidae is a novel by German-Turkish writer Akif Pirinçci.The main character is a cat named Francis who investigates the murders of several cats in a big city. There are currently 5 books in the Felidae series: Felidae, Felidae II (also known as Felidae on the Road), Cave Canem, Das Duell and Salve Roma, of which only the first 2 have been translated into English.
o The first Felidae book was also made into a German animated film in 1994, directed by Michael Schaack.A version dubbed into English exists, however due to its mature content it was not imported for North American audiences.
3. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carnivora Carnivora
o Ailuridae Canidae Felidae Herpestidae Hyaenidae Mephitidae Mustelidae Nandiniidae Odobenidae Otariidae Procyonidae Ursidae Viverridae
o Family Felidae: cats; 37 species in 18 genera
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cat Cat
o "Felidae World - Catnip and Grasses for Cats."

Search results for Feral cat
5. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Feral Feral
o Such cats are often referred to as "barn" cats. A local population of feral cats living in an area and using a common food source such as food scavenged from dumpsters or supplementary feeding by humans is called a feral cat colony.Kittens learn to be feral from their mothers or through bad experiences. Kittens under six months of age can be socialized (see socialization), while cats older than six months are very hard to socialize.
o The feral adults are often killed or euthanized due to the difficulty of socializing them to the point of adoptability. More recently, the "Trap-Neuter-Return" method has been used in many locations as a means of humanely managing the feral cat population.
o Alley Cat Allies, a feral cat advocacy organizationde:Cimarrón
6. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Feral_cat_colony Feral cat colony
o A feral cat colony is a local population of feral cats living in a specific location and using a common food source such as food scavenged from dumpsters or supplementary feeding by humans.Feral cat populations and colonies are located worldwide, including parts of the world where the domestic house cat is an introduced species, such as the Americas and Australia.
o Feral cat colonies form when irresponsible humans intentionally abandon their unsterilized pets or allow them to wander off, or if the pet escapes before planned sterilization.Colonies can also arise when changes in human activity create an opportunity for existing baseline feral cat populations to form a locally concentrated group.For example, the opening of a new restaurant and resulting presence of edible garbage can attract cats from the local population and allow them to breed and survive in larger numbers.
o 3 Breeds arising from feral cat colonies
o When a feral cat colony grows to a large size, those living or working nearby might consider the presence of a locally concentrated cat population to be a nuisance.
o Those who consider feral cat colonies to be a nuisance traditionally have attempted to eliminate the colony, by requesting that municipal or private pest control services trap the cats and remove them (typically to be euthanized).However, if the factors that allowed the colony to develop in the first place (e.g. food resources) are not addressed as well, a new colony can form in the same location when cats that escaped trapping and cats from the surrounding area move in and breed.
o More recently, a number of animal welfare organizations have begun to employ the "Trap-Neuter-Return" (TNR) method to deal with the issue of feral cat colonies, sometimes with the support of local municipalities.This approach includes sterilization of the cats to prevent breeding, removal (and euthanasia of sick or injured cats), vaccination, marking, and return of healthy cats to the site, and rescue of kittens and other tame cats to adoptive homes. Groups promoting this approach believe that it addresses many of the concerns of those who might otherwise consider the colony a nuisance, and provides a palatable alternative for cat lovers who might otherwise take no action to prevent the population from growing.
o Two breeds of cat have been developed recently from feral cat populations.The Egyptian Mau was developed from Egyptian feral cat colonies in the 1950s.The American Keuda is being still developed from barn cat colonies in the US Southwest from the 1980s.
o Alley Cat Allies, a feral cat advocacy organization
7. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Feral_cat Feral cat
o A feral cat is a cat which has been separated from domestication, whether through abandonment, loss, or running away, and become wild.The term also refers to descendants of such cats, but not to Wild Cats, whose ancestors were never domesticated. It's a common myth that Feral cats usually cannot be re-socialized, even though it is difficult and not all cats will take to it.
o Many abandoned pet cats join these colonies out of desperation; these cats can usually be readopted into a new home. The average lifespan of a feral cat that survives beyond kittenhood is usually less than two years while a domestic housecat lives an average of sixteen years or more.
o JPG Some feral cats can be resocialized, although it is more difficult to do if they're not kittens. In this photo a feral cat sits with her owner.Some ferals like this one are missing a piece of their ear which helps TNR volunteers identify whether or not they've been fixed.
o In the United States "Trap-Neuter-Return" programs, one of the more humane ways to deal with feral cat populations, are facilitated by many volunteers and organizations.In addition to sterilization, inoculation against rabies and the feline leukemia virus as well as the application of long-lasting flea treatments before release are common. Frequently, attending veterinarians nip the tip off one ear to mark the feral as spayed/neutered and inoculated, as these cats will more than likely find themselves trapped again.
o Recognizing the ineffectiveness of blanket euthanasia as a means of controlling stray and feral cat population, more and more animal shelters throughout the United States are becoming "no kill shelters", and are gradually implementing more humane and effective animal population control methods.Some states such as California and many countries around the world have had tremendous success with humane methods to control feral cat populations.A proposal in the state of Wisconsin to legalize the hunting of feral cats in an attempt to reduce their population was recently (April 2005) blocked by the state's lawmakers. South Dakota and Minnesota still allow wild cats to be shot.
o These figures may be questionable, however, with some of the damage due to the resurgence of other small predators such as the gray fox (urocyon cinereoargenteus), fisher or pekan (martes pennanti), coyote (canis latrans), and puma (puma concolor). The loss of species due to overbuilding of native habitat by humans far outstrips that lost to feral cat predation.
o October 16 is National Feral Cat Day in the United States.
o The feral cat has been an ecological disaster in Australia, inhabiting most ecosystems except dense rainforest, and being implicated in the extinction of several marsupial and placental mammal species.(Cats are not believed to have been a factor in the extinction of the only mainland bird species to be lost since European settlement, the Paradise Parrot; their role in the loss of rare species on Australasian islands, however, has been significant.)
o Given the damage they do, many conservationists working in the field of island restoration (literally restoring damaged islands through removal of introduced species and replanting and reintroducing native species) have worked to remove feral cats. As of 2004, 48 islands have had their feral cat populations removed, including New Zealand's network of offshore island bird reserves (Nogales et al, 2004).Larger projects are also being planned, including their removal from Ascension Island.
o A review of feral cat eradication on islands.
o Alley Cat Allies Feral Cat Resource - provides information about how to deal with feral cats humanely.

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